Canada’s First People
The first people or First Nations are thought to have come from Asia thousands of years ago. They had to be incredibly brave in order to survive. The first group we are going to talk about lived in the Arctic part of Canada and called themselves Inuit.
Think of the winter, think of how cold it is. How on a really cold day your face hurts from the wind and your boogers freeze.Think of how it is dark by dinner time, and dark until you finish breakfast. Inuit people lived in that cold for 9 out of 12 months of the year. In the summer it is cool and light almost all day. The ground doesn’t completely thaw, so they didn’t have fruit and veggie gardens.
The Inuit people were excellent hunters and gatherers by necessity. Which meant, they traveled often. Imagine camping in the winter, you’d freeze! So, they built Igloos.
Build an Igloo
If it is winter here are some tips from the Inuit
-Build your igloo all from a fresh snow storm, snow from different storm will fall apart.
-Inuit cut their blocks from deep snow, but you could use good packing snow.
-This is a tradition passed on from fathers to their sons, so making the dome shape may be tricky
If it is not winter
Grab some sugar cubes and white glue and try your best to build an Igloo to fit a lego man!
Sometimes several families lived in connected igloos, and many were placed in an area creating a village.
In the Summer and Spring when there was not enough snow the Inuit lived in skin tents put over arched whale bones.
The Inuit fished and hunted both caribou,musk oxen, ducks,seal, and whale. For hunting they used different traps, they would create walls of rocks and herd caribou into it. They also used weapons such as harpoons, bows and arrows. For smaller animals or ducks they used darts, snares,nets, and bolas.
Bolas are cords with weights tied on both ends. Take a nylon cord and find a thick chunk of branch 1.5-2 inch diameter and cut to a 3-4 inch lengths. Tie one on each end of the cord. Try your hand at throwing these bolas around branches, fences.
Other Interesting Facts about the Inuit
The women cooked over soapstone lamps. They women also pieced together skin to make warm parkas.
The Inuit used a skin covered boat called the umlak.
They also used kayaks made of skin stretched over bone.
They used bones for tools.
The kept dogs, and they pulled sleds made of whale bone.
They kept food in caches, which is a hiding spot they also aged meat in them.
They believed everything had spirits, and honoring animal spirits was important.
Shamans were people who helps cure the sick and predicted the weather.
Activity Time; Build an Inukshuk
Inukshuk were arrangement of rocks which they used as landmarks to help with hunting. Sometimes they would be large, and other times they would be just a few rocks stacks on top of each other.
-You can stack large rocks if you can find them, or get some small rocks and glue them into an Inukshuk!
Activity Time; Storytelling
Telling stories was extremely important, this is how they passed information onto new generations.
Think of something you are good at that you could make a story about, think of something you’d want to teach a younger sibling or friend.
Think of a rule you’d want your younger sibling to follow.
Draw a picture and tell this story around a campfire or candle.
Pull out your map and a dry erase marker. Mark as follows
Now, Get out your flags, Mark the Capital of the Yukon Territory, Whitehorse
Activity Time; Plan a trip
This is how you will get to know Yukon!
First decide what season you would like to travel to the Yukon during.
Here are some travel ideas for each season. Pick THREE from the season you choose to travel and write them out.
-Bears coming out/are out of hibernation
-Camping with the midnight sun
-Kayaking or Canoeing
– Go to Kluane National Park Visitor Centre where there are exhibits
-Take in Arts in the Park
-See the world’s smallest desert
-Cross a suspension bridge to the Hot springs
-Go dog sledding
-Watch the Aurora Borialis
-Go snowshoes, or cross country skiiing
-Tour the wildlife preserve pick an animal you would like to see (Dall Sheep, Bighorn Sheep, Mountain Goat, Deer, Elk, Woodland Caribou, Wood Bison, Musk-Ox and Moose)
-Go in the hot springs!
Now, look up the Aurora Borialis on the computer, Break out the chalk pastels, or water colors and create a piece of art. Don’t forget to sign it!
You can order your FREE travel guide or maps here
These Kid book of series is amazing. For this particular post I referenced the two in the photo. I would say there are more for kids in grade 4 or older, although the pictures are beautiful for all kids and adults alike.
Some picture books to enhance learning